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Around the end of World War II
by the third week of April 1945,
the Russian army was hammering
its way through the suburbs of
Berlin. With the German capital
doomed, the American and
British air forces ended offensive
combat operations in Europe.

There was simply nothing of
importance left to bomb.

One nation still suffered under
German occupation.

The Netherlands had been under the
German’s harsh control since May
1940. In western Holland, the
German command stubbornly
held on, waiting for word from Berlin.

Germans in Holland for food drops. Amazingly, the
Germans agreed that Allied bombers would not be
These German ground forces were a deadly curse on fired upon as long as they were unarmed and stuck
the Dutch people. The Dutch people were resisting to specified air corridors.

the enemy occupation and Holland’s
Drop zones were set up where the
underground forces blew up From October 1944 until
bombers would be allowed to fly
bridges and railroads. The Germans early 1945, starvation
in at about 400 feet and drop the
retaliated by blowing up dams and claimed the lives of 20 to
food without being fired on by
flooding most of the farmland.

30,000 people. Hunger
the German anti-aircraft guns. A
ravished the
Netherlands. total of 3,100 flights were made by
Dutch workers went on strike and
four hundred B-17 Flying Fortress
then came the cruel winter of 1944.

No fuel and no food! By spring, 1,000 people bombers of the United States Army Air Forces. RAF
a day were starving to death. Famished people and Canadian planes also participated dropping
and hollow-eyed young girls and boys searched tons of food.

in bins and gutters for
anything edible
The BBC broadcast, reaching into Holland, gave the
with food value. It is
news of the coming missions
documented that from
of mercy known as
October 1944 until
Operation Manna.

early 1945, starvation
Operation Manna
claimed the lives of
was the codename
20 to 30,000 people.

for the bread that
Hunger ravished the
rained down from
Netherlands. heaven onto the
Israelites in the Book
General Eisenhower
of Exodus.

heard through the
underground about
Hollanders were lined
their crises and
up along the streets
negotiated with the
waving and cheering
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